Stainless Steel

The Functions, Types, and Benefits of Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is a metal that is used in a lot of different construction projects. It is strong, versatile, and can be recycled, making it a good choice for many different applications.

Stainless steel is made of iron, chromium, and nickel. In addition, it is an affordable and durable material that is perfect for many construction applications.

The Uses of Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is a type of steel that doesn’t rust or corrode. It’s used in many industries because it’s durable and strong. Stainless steel is an alloy of iron, chromium, and nickel, making it the perfect material for construction in many industries, including food and beverage, healthcare, and transportation.

It is a type of steel that contains chromium, which makes it resistant to corrosion. Stainless steel is also low-carbon, meaning it has less carbon than other types of steel. This makes it less likely to rust.

The Types of Stainless Steel

  1. Austenitic
  2. Ferritic
  3. Martensitic
  4. Duplex
  5. Precipitation hardening

Austenitic steels make up the largest portion of stainless steels produced and are often used in food processing and medical applications. Ferritic steels are less corrosion-resistant but have excellent ductility and are often used in automotive applications. 

Martensitic steels can be hardened and are often used in knives and cutting tools. Duplex steels are a mix of austenitic and ferritic steels and are often used in chemical processing. Precipitation hardening steels are a subset of stainless steels that can be hardened through heat treatment.

1. 300 Series 

The 300 series of austenitic steel offers many benefits, including corrosion resistance, strength, versatility, and resistance to extreme temperatures.

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Grade 304 is the most popular grade of the 300 series of austenitic steels. It contains 18 percent chromium and 8 percent nickel in addition to the standard benefits of austenitic steels. It also has a low-carbon version known as 304L.

Grade 304 is often used in kitchen appliances, food processing equipment, and construction tools. It is also found in chemical containers and heat transfer plates.

2. 400 Series 

The 400 series of stainless steels are known for their high strength and wear resistance, with the addition of carbon, chromium, and manganese.

Grade 410 of the 400 series is the most popular grade. It contains 11.5 percent chromium, making it very strong after heat treatment. This grade is also magnetic when hardened, so it can do jobs that the 300 series can’t. Grade 410 is usually cheaper than Grade 304 because it contains less alloy.

Grade 410 is steel mainly used in the automotive industry and for making parts for refineries, gas, and steam components.

The Benefits of Stainless Steel 

1. Resists corrosion

Chromium is added to stainless steel to create a thin, protective film over the metal. This film helps to resist corrosion, rust, water stains, and general wear. Any item made with stainless steel will last longer than those made with inferior materials.

2. Survives extreme temperatures

Different types of stainless steel can be used for various purposes, depending on the grade. Some types of stainless steel are designed to resist scaling and maintain strength at extremely high temperatures, while others are designed to survive long-term cryogenic temperatures.

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There are different grades of stainless steel, each with varying levels of resistance to different temperatures. So, no matter what temperature environment you need your stainless steel to withstand, there is a grade that can meet your needs.

3. Possesses strength

Stainless steel is solid, making it ideal for construction purposes. It is also lightweight and heat-resistant, making it easy to work with. Stainless steel is also resistant to shocks and heavy loads, making it a versatile and durable material.


Stainless steel is a highly corrosion-resistant steel alloy with a wide range of applications in many industries, including construction, kitchenware, and medical devices. More importantly, it is an environmentally friendly material that can be recycled and reused many times.

Are you looking for a steel service center in Birmingham, AL? Turn to KGS Steel – Birmingham, a full-line structural steel and carbon steel service center warehouse servicing the southeastern United States since 1985. Request a quote now.

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